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Weights & Measures


With the advent of decimal currency (100 cents – 1 dollar), the British LSD System was abandoned. With the passing of time, this pounds, shillings and pence scheme, can sound arcane. For the benefit of many readers the following should clarify the pre-decimal currency era.

1 Pound

20 Shillings

240 Pence

2 Dollars

1 Shilling

12 Pence


10 Cents

1 Penny

2 Halfpennies

4 Farthings

1.2 cents

Interestingly, plate layout was reflected in the two systems. In decimal, units of 100 were employed, 10x10, 5x10, 10x10x10 (coils). In LSD, plate layout tended to be the ’10 bob’ format (12 x 10, or 120 on). This was no coincidence, a sheet of 2d stamps, cost exactly 1 pound. A sheet of 1 cent decimals – 1 dollar. Many countries printed the sheet value in the margin, although this never occurred on Commonwealth printed issues (the Olympics, and the Empire Games were not printed in Australia).


1 Ton = 2240lbs

1 Stone = 14 lbs .

1 Pound = 20 Ounces.

Australia changed to metrication in 1972. Prior to that, the system in used for weights and measures was the Imperial Pounds (lbs.) and Ounces (oz).

The Żoz was the smallest unit of measure for postal payments.

2 pounds = approximately 1 kilogram. 1 oz = approximately 25 grams.


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